What Are the Types of Science?

 Basic science

Basic science is a field of study that involves the study of natural phenomena. Its goal is to develop new theories that will enable better understanding and predictions of phenomena. This branch of science is often referred to as pure or fundamental research. However, it is not the only one that requires research funding. The fields of applied science such as engineering and medicine also rely on basic science.


Research in basic science is often funded by government agencies. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) funds a lot of basic biomedical research in the United States. Some of the discoveries made through basic science are surprising, too. For example, penicillin was discovered by accident, after researchers accidentally stumbled upon an unwanted mold that turned out to be a new antibiotic. It is not uncommon to have luck come into play and make science breakthroughs.


Other areas of research in basic science include immunology, cancer biology, retrovirology, and structural biology. Many of these areas have a direct impact on human health. By understanding the processes that contribute to these diseases, we can better prevent and treat those diseases. And by developing new technologies, we can make medicines more cheaply and with less harm to the environment. Some of the world's most prestigious scientific awards are awarded to researchers who have contributed to improving human health. The Nobel Prizes are awarded to those whose discoveries have had a positive impact on society. In fact, most Nobel Prize winners have received funding from the NIGMS. These prizes are a testament to the importance of basic science to the human condition.


In general, basic science is the study of cells, inheritance, genetics, and microorganisms. Basic scientists study these subjects in order to develop scientific knowledge that can help them predict and understand nature. Applied scientists then apply that knowledge to solve specific problems. Examples of applied science are techniques that help diagnose and treat genetic diseases.


Applied science

Applied science is the application of scientific knowledge in the real world. It involves a wide variety of fields of study. The applied sciences are used to make things work better, solve problems, and develop new technologies. In contrast, pure science focuses primarily on theoretical aspects of various subjects. Examples include physics and mathematics. In physics, researchers may study the development of new theories. Applied science may involve designing windmills to collect wind energy. Researchers may also study bird migration routes to develop the best location for a windmill.


An undergraduate major in applied science will help prepare you for a career in engineering or research. Students can earn a Master's or Doctor of Philosophy degree in the field. In addition to the general field of applied science, students can specialize in specific fields, such as materials science, neuroscience, and biomedical engineering. Other programs include nuclear magnetic resonance and optics.


The first type of science is called basic science. The main goal of basic science is to gain a better understanding of nature. This knowledge is applied to human problems and processes. For example, studying how glucose is converted to cellular energy can help us understand why elevated blood glucose levels are harmful. Other types of basic science include genetics, physiology, and cell biology. These disciplines have produced a large amount of information that has been applied to human lives.


Basic science seeks to advance knowledge, but does not focus on developing products or services. Applied science, on the other hand, uses scientific knowledge to solve real problems. The problem must be defined by the researcher. For example, an understanding of how DNA replicates can improve human health was crucial to identifying diseases. It has also enabled researchers to pinpoint people at crime scenes and determine paternity.


Physical science

Physical science is a branch of science that deals with the inorganic world. It is different from organic science, which is concerned with the study of living organisms. Scientists generally think that physical science is composed of four main areas: astronomy, physics, chemistry, and earth sciences. This article will discuss the history and development of these areas, as well as the history of Earth science.


The scientific process involves recognizing similarities and differences among objects and attempting to explain these differences with general theories. The process of classifying an object is crucial, since it helps scientists learn about its characteristics and behaviors. The composition of a rock affects its ability to fall through air and its color.


Astronomy and physics are related, but a branch of astronomy is entirely different. The history of astronomy is concerned with the study of celestial phenomena, while physical cosmology involves the study of the largest structures and dynamics of the universe. Another branch of physical science is chemistry, which studies the composition and properties of matter. It is also concerned with interactions between substances and their intermolecular forces.


The study of physical objects and energy includes chemistry, physics, and earth/space science. These fields often cross boundaries in their scope, so students should be cautious when handling such materials. In addition, students should be aware of the dangers of non-ionizing radiation. For example, students should always wear safety goggles and avoid exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Similarly, they should not use hand-held ultraviolet lamps, because the light can damage their eyes or skin.


Social science

Social science is a field of study that uses various methodologies and perspectives to study human social behavior. The methods include quantitative and qualitative approaches. The goal of social science is to understand the causes and effects of social phenomena. The methods may include questionnaires, field-based data collection, and archival databases. Social scientists also emphasize measurement and the importance of objectivity when conducting research.


Psychological studies are a branch of social science. They help to understand how human beings react to different events in their lives, including marriage failure, child murderers, and mental illness. Psychologists often look for the influences of other people in the lives of individuals. They also seek to understand the causes of social problems, such as mental illness.


Social science aims to make society a better place to live. As a result, research in social sciences is often sponsored by the government. As such, these disciplines are often more difficult to change because they are based on social structures and institutions. However, they are important for broadening students' horizons and making them more socially aware.


Social science is a diverse field that includes a wide range of areas. The main foundational areas include anthropology, economics, linguistics, psychology, and sociology. Other branches include communication, education, and law. These are all areas that students may study in their university courses.


Formal science

Formal science is an area of study in which formal systems are used to explore rules and laws. This includes fields such as computer science and mathematics. This branch of science is extremely important because it underpins all quantitative science. Its branches include physics and mathematics, which explore the structure and behavior of physical objects.


Formal science focuses on the properties of formal systems, rather than on the validity of theories based on observation. This method is critical in the construction and testing of scientific models. Many of the greatest advances in the empirical sciences have originated in the fields of formal science. To understand the difference between formal and empirical science, let's look at the history of science.


The study also investigated challenges that arise in non-formal science learning activities. These challenges can include funding, accessibility and training of practitioners, and the design of educational activities. Another major challenge faced by practitioners was that of balancing different modes of teaching. Many practitioners found it difficult to manage digital fabrication technologies and the multiple modes of science teaching. Additionally, they often encountered ill-structured projects with too much content.


The field of social science is a branch of formal science. This branch of science studies human behavior and society. In contrast, natural science focuses on the study of nature and its laws. In both cases, the use of mathematical tools is widespread. Many of the social sciences use methods developed in natural science. Applied sciences apply the results of these methods to a practical setting, such as medical research.



Psychology is a scientific discipline that studies the behavior of people. The study of behavior involves overt actions and the observance of them. This form of observation is objective and can be measured. The data collected is used to test psychological theories and hypotheses. Psychology is also a social science, meaning that it studies the effects of cultural and social changes on human behavior. Unlike other sciences, psychology does not take place in a vacuum and is therefore subject to a variety of biases and assumptions.


The field of psychology was born thousands of years ago and was shaped by philosophers like Aristotle and Plato. These men first began to study the mind and how it affects human behavior. They sought to understand why certain behaviors are natural and which ones are not. Their contributions paved the way for the development of modern psychology.


There are many different types of psychology. Some are clinical, while others are research-based. Clinical psychologists specialize in helping people who suffer from mental problems. They also work in training and in forensic cases. Cognitive psychologists are more interested in the inner workings of human behavior. For example, they study how people think and communicate, and how they store and remember information. They can also use these findings to improve learning and memory.


The goal of psychology is to make predictions about human behavior by understanding the causes of behavior. However, this is difficult because human beings differ greatly. These differences are called individual differences. For example, many people have mild symptoms of depression while others suffer from severe depression for no apparent reason. Furthermore, people differ in other characteristics such as intelligence, extraversion, conformity, and personality.

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